Different Types of Pain
Pain can affect a person in a variety of ways and in varying strengths, which has lead to the medical community developing different classifications of pain.
Even though the majority of people simply separate it by chronic and acute, there are several different types of pain that can affect your body as a result of injury, medical conditions, or even genetic inheritances.
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This guide will help you to understand the different types of pain that you might be experiencing.
As one of the most common classifications acute pain is short and sharp. It typically won’t last for more than 6 months and it can hurt your body for as little as 1 day.
In most cases, acute pain will be as a result of an injury such as a broken bone. When your injury heals, the pain should subside but without treatment, it could turn into chronic pain.
Many people in the UK live with chronic pain and it is a burden on your physical and mental health. You can experience chronic pain in both severe and mild forms.Even after treatment you might find that chronic pain still affects your body.
Depending on the cause of the chronic pain, it may be that the only way to deal with it is to control the symptoms with painkillers.
Broadly speaking, the type of painkiller will depend on the severity of the pain with OTC painkillers sufficient for many conditions. Moderate to severe pain, however, will require prescription strength painkillers such as Co-codamol which combines codeine with paracetamol.
Nociceptive pain includes somatic and visceral pain. Typically you will feel discomfort in your body as a result of your pain receptors being stimulated by temperature changes and damaged cells.
With somatic pain you’ll experience discomfort on your skin, joints, bones, muscles, and ligaments. You’ll find that swelling is common with somatic pain as it is typically a derivative of tissue damage.
With visceral pain you’ll feel it in the main cavities in your body, particularly your organs. The pain receptors with visceral pain are stimulated through inflammation and lack of oxygen and will create a deep throbbing sensation. It’s far more difficult to localize visceral pain than somatic pain.
Classified as non-nociceptive pain you’ll have neuropathic pain as a result of pinched nerves within the nervous system. Typically this pain will occur either in the peripheral nervous system or the central nervous system.
There are several different causes of neuropathic pain ranging from medical conditions including a stroke or multiple sclerosis. It could also be as a result of trapped nerves or nerves that have an insurmountable amount of pressure on them.
Injured nerves can produce pain in varying forms ranging from hypersensitivity to touch to numbness in the limbs.